Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
|Female Reproductive Organs|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- Current or previous sexually-transmitted disease (STD)
- Multiple sex partners
- Sexual intercourse with a partner who has an STD
- Intercourse without the protection of a condom
- Age: 15-24 years old
- Use of an intrauterine device (IUD) for birth control (The device does not increase the risk of getting an STD, but it can accelerate the course of PID)
- Pain in the lower abdomen
- Vaginal discharge with a foul odor
- Nausea or vomiting
- Painful intercourse
- Painful urination
- Irregular menstrual bleeding
- Cultures of the cervix to test for STD organisms
- A blood test to check pregnancy status and to check for infection
- Ultrasound—a test that uses sound waves to visualize the inside of the body
- Laparoscopy—insertion of a thin, lighted telescopic tube through a small incision in the abdomen to look at the reproductive organs
- Use a latex condom each time you have sexual intercourse.
- Discuss birth control options with your doctor. Ask which methods may increase or decrease your risk of PID.
- Seek immediate treatment for symptoms, such as unusual vaginal discharge or bleeding.
- Limit the number of sexual partners.
- Have regular screening tests for STDs.
- Do not have sexual intercourse until after the treatment is complete.
- Notify all sexual partners. They will also need to be treated.
American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists http://www.acog.org/For%5FPatients
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases http://www3.niaid.nih.gov
The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada http://www.sogc.org/index%5Fe.asp
Women's Health Matters http://www.womenshealthmatters.ca
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2010. MMWR 2010;59(No. RR-12):1-110.
Pelvic inflammatory disease. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated August 2012. Accessed October 9, 2012.
Pelvic inflammatory disease. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH website. Available at: http://www3.niaid.nih.gov/topics/pelvicInflammatoryDisease. Updated November 29, 2011. Accessed October 9, 2012.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Pelvic inflammatory disease. In: Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines, 2010. MMWR Recomm Rep 2010 Dec 17;59(RR-12):63-7.
- Reviewer: Andrea Chisholm
- Review Date: 09/2012 -
- Update Date: 00/93/2012 -